Examples of Re-Engraved Plates:
Saxton's Cornwall
Speed's Cornwall

Christopher Saxton's Cornwall
1. PROMONTORIVM HOC / IN MARE PROIECTVM / CORNVBIA DICITVR. [2b] LEN / AERT TER / WOORT: / ANTVER= / PIANVS / SCVLP SIT. [2d] Factum est / hoc opus An[n].o D[omi]ni 1576 / et D: ELYZABETHE / 18. [4b] 
Proof: pre-atlas proof
With: [Arms of Queen Elizabeth with the initials 'E' 'R', and additional motto 'DIEV ET MON DROYT] [2a] [Arms of Thomas Seckford, with the motto 'PESTIS PATRIAE PIGRICIES'] [4e]
State 1: proof form. The four compass points look as though they have been hurriedly added. A name has been erased north-east of Truro. The hundreds are not yet shown. 
The only example seen is in the so-called Bughley-Saxton collection of proofs.
2. PROMONTORIVM HOC / IN MARE PROIECTVM / CORNVBIA DICITVR. [2b] Christophorus . Saxton . descripsit. [2e] LEN / AERT TER / WOORT: / ANTVER= / PIANVS / SCVLP SIT. [2d] Factum est / hoc opus An[n].o D[omi]ni 1576 / et D: ELYZABETHE / 18. [4b]
Proof: pre-atlas proof
With: [Arms of Queen Elizabeth with the initials 'E' 'R', and additional motto 'DIEV ET MON DROYT] [2a] [Arms of Thomas Seckford, with the motto 'PESTIS PATRIAE PIGRICIES'] [4e]
State 2: a second proof form ? Saxton's name has been added to the scale bar, which has been re-engraved to accommodate this addition. The divisions in the scale bar have now been increased to 12. 
Within the map, 'Cohor flu=' (Kerier Hundred) [2d] and 'Sct Knyg.h.tons' (West Hundred) [4d] are named.
Tree symbols have been inserted, primarily in East Hundred: two south of TREGNY [3d], one north of Pentuar, in a park [3d], two north of Sct Blaies [4d], six south of Helegen [4c] five at Blisland [4c], one at Bickton, in a park [4d], two at Newton, in a park [4d] three west and two south-east of Pillton [4d], ten along the west bank of the Tamar, between Bradston and Caulstoke, from the north, three pairs, one single then a group of three, and one at Warely, Devon, in a park [4d]
3. PROMONTORIVM HOC / IN MARE PROIECTVM / CORNVBIA DICITVR. [2b] Christophorus . Saxton . descripsit. [2e] LEN / AERT TER / WOORT: / ANTVER= / PIANVS / SCVLP SIT. [2d] Factum est / hoc opus An[n].o D[omi]ni 1576 / et D: ELYZABETHE / Reginæ 18. [4b]
From: [Saxton County Atlas Without Title, London, 1579]
With: [Arms of Queen Elizabeth with the initials 'E' 'R', and additional motto 'DIEV ET MON DROYT] [2a] [Arms of Thomas Seckford, with the motto 'PESTIS PATRIAE PIGRICIES'] [4e]
State 3: The word 'Reginæ' has been added to the date panel, and the cartouche slightly reworked to accommodate this addition. The hundred boundaries, and names, are now added.  In the following, names are transcribed as engraved on the map:
There are two new names: Vny lalant (Penwith) [2c] and Sct. Anthony (Kerrier) [2d].
A few rivers have been extended: 'Low flu', from the 'L' of Liskerd to Sct Clare [4c], the unnamed river from Low now extends to Brodok and Pinrok [4d]; the river from Sothan Bay now extends above Sct Clare [4c], and the river from SALTASHE has been extended from Quethiok to Bickton [4c]
Bridges have been added in West Hundred at Sct Neot, Brodok, LOW and Tregovik [4d]
A number of names have been revised: Gwyndraith baye (previously Gwyndriath baye; Powder) [3c]  Atre flu (previously Arte flu; East) [4b], Sct Iue (previously ?; East) [4d], Tamerton follye (previously Tamerton flu; Devon) [4d].
4. PROMONTORIVM HOC / IN MARE PROIECTVM / CORNVBIA DICITVR. [2b] Christophorus . Saxton . descripsit. [2e] LEN / AERT TER / WOORT: / ANTVER= / PIANVS / SCVLP SIT. [2d] Factum est / hoc opus An[n].o D[omi]ni 1576 / et D: ELYZABETHE / Reginæ 18. [4b] 
From: [Saxton County Atlas Without Title, London, 1579]
With: [Arms of Queen Elizabeth with the initials 'E' 'R', and additional motto 'DIEV ET MON DROYT] [2a] [Arms of Thomas Seckford, with the motto 'PESTIS PATRIAE PIGRICIES'] [4e] 
State 4: The only alteration appears to be the addition of a building symbol on Sct. Michaels mount [2d]
There appears to be two distinct phases in the printing of this state.  Earlier impressions show numbers of scratches running from the upper border to the frame of the date panel, particularly on the right side [4b] These are visible on state 3. In later impressions these are not so visible, while a number of scratches have appeared running diagonally from the two borders in the lower right corner, below the large sea-monster. These scratches are visible in the Webb state also.
5. PROMONTORIVM HOC / IN MARE PROIECTVM / CORNVBIA DICITVR. [2b] CORNWAL / with y.e severall hundre= / ds, truly described / 1642. [4b] Christophorus . Saxton . descripsit. [2e] LEN / AERT TER / WOORT: / ANTVER= / PIANVS / SCVLP SIT. [2d] 
[With] [Arms of Charles I with the initials 'C' 'R'] [Arms of Thomas Seckford, with the motto 'PESTIS PATRIAE PIGRICIES'] [4e]
From: Saxton / Webb All The Shires Of England ... London, 1645 
State 5: The Arms of Charles I (with a chained unicorn in place of the dragon) have been substituted for those of Queen Elizabeth. The English title has been engraved within the date panel.
6. CORNWAL / with y.e severall hundre= / ds, truly described / [date ?] [4b] Christophorus . Saxton . descripsit. [2e] LEN / AERT TER / WOORT: / ANTVER= / PIANVS / SCVLP SIT. [2d] 
From: [Saxton / Anonymous Projected County Atlas, apparently never published, London, ca. 1665]
Inset: 'LAVNCESTON OR ANCIENT DVNHEVET' [2b] 'The other Halfstone' [1b] [Doniert's Stone] [1b] 'The Hurlers' [3b] 'The Chesewring' [3b] [Arms of Charles I with the initials 'C' 'R'] [2a] 
With: 'THE ARMES / of Persons / Dy[g]nifyed / w.th y.e title of / CORNWALL. / [rule] Note, That euer / since K: Edw: y.e 3.d / The title of / Duke of / CORNWALL, / belongeth to y.e / Kings eldest / Sonne.', in two rows (upper): 'Rob: de Morton / Ea: of Cornwall', 'Regnald ba: sonne / of Hen: y.e first', 'Iohn sonne to K: / Henry y.e 2.d', 'Rich: so: to K: Iohn / & K: of Romans' (lower) 'Edw: son: to / King Edw: y.e first', 'Piers Gaueston Ea: / of Cornwall', 'Iohn of Eltham / son of Edw: y.e 2.d', 'Edw. y.e bla: prince / Duke of Cornwall.'  The arms of Piers Gaveston have only one bird, in the upper left corner.

 

State 6: a hypothetical, but logical state: The Arms of Charles I (with a chained unicorn in place of the dragon) remain (for Charles II ?); the insets have been engraved in place of the original Latin title, and the new panel of arms (see below) in place of Seckford's Arms. Grid markings have been added along the upper and left hand borders (respectively a-i, k-q, and a-i, k-l), covering only the body of the map.
Substantial additions have been made in the map, with the exception of Stratton Hundred. The names are transcribed:
PENWITH: The Kilguth; Gul rock; Carraglouse; Pedman dow; Bolerum prom; Armed Kt.; Penros; Port Cutuo; Canyjeck; Bosuergus; St. Mich= cha:; Tre-o-worgains; Pender; Kirthies; Trewose; Botalleck; Bossassil; Carnonbigh; Kerne Inis; Terladinas; Driffe; Tregenno; Rosmordon; Lalant; Treweruenith; Talnar; Golsury; Trerene; Bodrigy; Pokenhor; Caswin; Rudwary; Garlyn; Trewnard; Relubas; Treswithin; Nans; Mawla; symbol added on the hill south of Cambern.
Revisions: HV= DRED [previously HV=), Sct Sener ca: (Sct Sener); Sct Peran Vthno (Sct Pera Vthno); the coast between Sennan and St. Ives has been heavily re-engraved, with Brefan Insull moved, and new rivers addded at Botalleck, near the H of Halemouth, and near the L of Luggan, where a circle is added. Cliffs have been added between Roskesall and Mousehole Insull.
KERRIER: Binerton; Meynanber; Trithall; Antron; S.t Iohns; Penins; Portleuan; Merthernny; Treuet=hoc; Spargor; Reskyer; Brallock; Marthen; Pen=warren; Skyberio; Bochin; Kestle; Skues; Mudgian; Bonython; Tre=wothath; Trembrose; Goonhilly Downes; Trisie; Lesard; Ocrinum or The Promo: of y.e Danmonij; Aborrowes (with symbols); MOARES; S.t Day; Guarnack; Treuens; Pensiguance; Magdalen cha=; Theram; Parkellyes; Ruscew; Enis; Kensew; Gluius; Trerose; Nase poynt; 
Revisions: Sct Martyn (previously Sct); the coastline along the foot of the Lizard peninsula has been re-engraved.
PIDER: Trelestick; Windsor; Lanbrigam; Ruan; Newies; Treuenner; Pello= montayne; Burlace; Royalton; Gunhaskin; The Danmonij; Thinco; Trethian; Prediaux; Burgus; Trewynon; Pellees; Tre=druston; Pollmarique; Trewullock; Trewath; Thereck; S.t Benet.  'S.t' has been added above Lanherne; a building symbol has been added at Treryse.
Revisions: Sct Cullan (previously Sct. Collan); the 'Sct' of Sct Maughan has been erased; the coastline has been re-engraved;
POWDER: Penhall; als Sct. Michaell; Trehan; MOARES; Tragardon; Trethurse; Trenowth; Benalack; Treuilleck; Court; Trelowith; Trenitlick; Treuacius; Rascosa; Treuona; Ruan; Tregare; Lappery; MOARES; Ash-fend; Pridiaux hert; Towyn; Tresil; Polinere; Trinitie; Lanladren; Barete; Colquite; Polkeries; Menehilly.  A beacon has been added at Roch; cliffs have been added along the southern coast.
TRIGGE: Tregargett; Bedwyn; Trewindle; Polteruoray; Porthilly; Michael cha:; Treguit; Burnere; Buckley; Bedue; Tresmere; Tregarden; Zwallock; Arthurs hall; Penpont; Y.e MOARES (partly in LESNEWTH); Pendre; Leuetham; Buckeren; Denmer bridg; Pensherret.
Revisions: the coastline has been re-engraved.
WEST: Dosinery poole; Trethcuy stones; Trewargy; Tremaly; Tophonses; Lemard R; Lanrest; Poole; Premodart; Lanwarnok; Westnorth; Bindon; W. LOW; hills and symbols have been added near Moruale.
Revsions: E. LOW (previously LOW). 
LESNEWTH: Treuellet; Tamyll; Tredegy; Treberock; Tregernon; Besill; Y.e MOARES' (partly in Trigg);
Revisions: HV= DRED (previously HV=); = TREVENA = aly.s BOSSINY (previously TREVENA); the coastline has been re-engraved;
EAST: Tregoodok; Betonet; Caradon beacon; Trecarell; Kilmore; Chesewring (with symbol); y.e Hurlers (with symbol); Manyton; Trenouth; Kern; Haye; bridg; Trebigh; Penerek; Tregrall; Trelauke; Port; Heston ford; Bake; Treyanth.
DEVON: New bridg.
7. CORNWAL / with y.e severall hundre= / ds, truly described / by C.S. Corrected and / Amended by P. Lea. [4b] Christophorus . Saxton . descripsit. [2e] LEN / AERT TER / WOORT: / ANTVER= / PIANVS / SCVLP SIT. [2d] 
From: Saxton / Lea All The Shires Of England And Wales ... London, [1689]
Inset: 'LAVNCESTON OR ANCIENT DVNHEVET' [2b] 'The other Halfstone' [1b] [Doniert's Stone] [1b] 'The Hurlers' [3b] 'The Chesewring' [3b]
With: [Arms of Charles II with the initials 'C' 'R'] [2a] 
State 7: throughout the map, crosses have been added to denote market towns:
PENWITH: PE[N]SANCE; Merca Iue; Redreuth;
KERRIER: HELSTON; PE[N]RYN; PADSTOW; ST. COLUMBE MAG[N]A.
POWDER: TRURO; TREGNY; GRAMPOUND; Sct Austell; LESTIETHIEL; FOYE.
TRIGGE: BODMAN.
WEST: W. LOW; LISKERD.
LESNEWTH: BOSCASTLE; CAMLEFORDE.
EAST: LAVNSTON.
STRATTON: STRATTON.
Proof: pre-atlas proof HOLSWORTHYE; LYFTON; TAVESTOCK; PLYMMOVTHE;
8. CORNWAL / with y.e severall hundre= / ds, truly described / by C.S. Corrected and / Amended by P. Lea. [4b] Christophorus . Saxton . descripsit. [2e] LEN / AERT TER / WOORT: / ANTVER= / PIANVS / SCVLP SIT. [2d]
From: Saxton / Lea All The Shires Of England And Wales ... London, [1689]
Inset: 'LAVNCESTON OR ANCIENT DVNHEVET' [2b] 'The other Halfstone' [1b] [Doniert's Stone] [1b] 'The Hurlers' [3b] 'The Chesewring' [3b] 
With: [Arms of Charles II with the initials 'C' 'R'] [2a] 
State 8: In the title for the panel of arms, the letter 'g' has been overlaid on the 'n' of 'Dynifyed.'; roads have been added throughout the map.
Crowns have been added to denote two borough towns: Michaell als Sct. Michaell (Powder) [3c] and LAVNSTON (which has two crowns) (East) [4b]
Crosses, to denote market towns, have been added to: PE[N]SANCE' [2c] HELSTON [2d] PE[N]RYN [2d] TRVRO [3C] TREGNY [3d] GRAMPOVND [3c] SCT COLVMBE MAGNA [3c] PADSTOW [4b] Sct austell [4d] FOYE [4d] BODMAN [4c] LESTETHIEL [4d] BOSCASTLE [4b] CAMLEFORDE [4c] LISKERD [4d] W. LOW [4d] STRATTON [4b] LYFTON (Devon) [4c] TAVESTOCK (Devon) [5d] PLYMMOVTHE [4d]
9. CORNWALL / Described by C: Saxton / Corrected & many Additions as / the Roads &c. by P. Lea.. [4b] Christophorus . Saxton . descripsit. [2e] LEN / AERT TER / WOORT: / ANTVER= / PIANVS / SCVLP SIT. [2d]
From: Saxton / Lea The Shires Of England And Wales ... London,1694 
Inset: 'LAVNCESTON OR ANCIENT DVNHEVET' [2b] 'The other Halfstone' [1b] [Doniert's Stone] [1b] 'The Hurlers' [3b] 'The Chesewring' [3b] 
With: [Arms of Charles II with the initials 'C' 'R'] 
State 9: In the panel of arms, Piers Gaveston's arms are completed, with the addition of two more birds. An outer line has been added around the panel of arms, and the inset view of Launceston. Within the inset, 'The Castle Mount' is so named.
A number of additions or alterations to names have been made within the map, primarily in Stratton Hundred. Crosses and crowns have been added, or corrected across the map:
PENWITH: S.t IVES (with a cross and crown); Gudreny I (with symbol) [2b]
Revisions: Merkit Iue (previously MercaIue) [2d], the cross at PE[N]SANCE has been re-engraved [2d]; 
KERRIER: Falmouth (with symbol, and cross) [2d]; HELSTON and PERYN have had crowns added [2d];
POWDER: Sct. Manies cast; TRVRO, TREGNY, GRAMPOVND [2d] and FOYE [4d] have had crowns added; TREGNY, GRAMPOVND and FOYE have had their crosses re-engraved;
TRIGGE: Repryne [4c]; BODMAN has a crown added [4c];
WEST: W. LOW and E. LOW [4d], and LISKERD [4d] have crowns added; E. LOW has had its cross re-engraved.
LESNEWTH: CAMLEFORDE and TREVENA have had crosses added [4b].
EAST: Newport [4b];  Kellington, Sct. Germans and SALTASHE have had crowns added [4d]; LAVNSTON [4c], Kellington and SALTASHE [4d] crosses.
STRATTON: Ham; Batsboro; Manyng; Duckpan; Meere; Penseng; Penallom; Wadefast; Pulfath; Landon; a bridge has been added at Wolfston.  The hundred boundary with LESNEWTH Hundred has been re-engraved, so that it starts on the coast at Whaleboro, rather than at BOSCASTLE, as previously [4b].
DEVON: Borden [4b, on the Cornwall side of the Tamar]; HARTON [4a], TAVESTOK and PLYMMOVTHE [4d] have had crosses added, and TAVESTOK has had its cross re-engraved.
10. CORNWALL / Described by C: Saxton / Corrected & many Additions as / the Roads &c. by P. Lea.. [4b] Christophorus . Saxton . descripsit. [2e] LEN / AERT TER / WOORT: / ANTVER= / PIANVS / SCVLP SIT. [2d] Sold by Geo: Willdey at the Great Toy, Spectacle, / China ware, and Print Shop, the Corner of Ludgate Street / near S.t Pauls London. [5e]
From: Saxton / Willdey The Shires Of England And Wales ... London, [1732] 
Inset: 'LAVNCESTON OR ANCIENT DVNHEVET' [2b] 'The other Halfstone' [1b] [Doniert's Stone] [1b] 'The Hurlers' [3b] 'The Chesewring' [3b]
With: [Arms of Charles II with the initials 'C' 'R'] 
State 10: with Willdey's imprint added in the lower right hand corner.
11. CORNWALL / Described by C: Saxton / Corrected & many Additions as / the Roads &c. by P. Lea.. [4b] Christophorus . Saxton . descripsit. [2e] LEN / AERT TER / WOORT: / ANTVER= / PIANVS / SCVLP SIT. [2d] 
From: Saxton / Jefferys The Shires Of England And Wales ... London, [1749]  & Saxton / [Dicey] The Shires Of England And Wales ... London, [1770 ca.]
Inset: 'LAVNCESTON OR ANCIENT DVNHEVET' [2b] 'The other Halfstone' [1b] [Doniert's Stone] [1b] 'The Hurlers' [3b] 'The Chesewring' [3b]
With: [Arms of Charles II with the initials 'C' 'R'] 
State 11: with Willdey's imprint crudely erased from the lower right hand corner, leaving an unstippled area of sea [5e].
Illustrations
The titles
The Crack
The Royal Arms

John Speed's Cornwall
1. CORNWALL. [3b] Described / by the travills / of John Norden / augmented and / published by / I. Speed. [2b] Theise Mappes / are to be solde / in Popes-heade / alley against y.e / Exchange by / John Sudbury and G. Humble. / Cum Privilegio. [5e]
Separate publication: pre-atlas proof
Inset: LAUNCESTON OR ANCIENT DVNHEVET [no key & no names] [no scale] [1a - 2a]  The other halfe stone [Doniert's Stone] 'THE HURLERS' 'THE CHESEWRING'
With: [Royal Arms, with additional motto] 'DIEU ET MON DROIT' [3b] [Arms of the Duke of Cornwall] [3b] 
With: [Arms of the Dukes of Cornwall] Robert de Morton.' / 'Regnald basse sonne to W. Conq.' / 'John sonne to King H. 2.' / 'Richard E. of Cornwall and K. of Romains.' / 'Edward sonne of K. Ed. I.' / 'Piers Gaveston, Erle of Cornwall.' / 'John of Eltham, Erle of Cornwall.' / 'Edwards P. of Wales D. of Cornwall and 2. of Chest.'
383 x 508  PM: 387 x 513  Launceston (ib): 105 x 180
State 1: proof form: lacking Hondius' signature, and the names in the inset of Launceston.
2. CORNWALL. [3b] Described / by the travills / of John Norden / augmented and / published by / I. Speed. [2b] Iodocus Hondius Caelavit / Anno Domini 1610. [4d] Theise Mappes / are to be solde / in Popes-heade / alley against y.e / Exchange by / John Sudbury and G. Humble. / Cum Privilegio. [5e] 
From: Speed The Theatre Of The Empire Of Great Britain ... London, 1611-1612
State 2: with the addition of Hondius's signature, and the names added in the inset of Launceston. 
3. CORNWALL. [3b] Described / by the travills / of John Norden / augmented and / published by / I. Speed. [2b] Iodocus Hondius Caelavit / Anno Domini 1610. [4d] Theise Mappes / are to be solde / in Popes-heade / alley against y.e / Exchange by / John Sudbury and G. Humble. / Cum Privilegio. [5e]
From: Speed The Theatre Of The Empire Of Great Britaine ... London, 1614 [1623] 
State 3: with the addition of Latin names within the map: 'ANTIVESTIUM' and 'BOLERIVM Prom.' (at Lands End) [1c], 'OCRINVM siue DANMONIORVM prom:' [Lizard Point) [2d] , 'CENIONI flu: Ostiu' (Falmouth Haven) [2d], 'THE DANMONII' (Pider Hundred) [3c], 'VZELLA' (West Hundred) [4c], 'TAMARI Ostium' (Plymouth Sound) [4d]. 'THE IRISHE /  OR VIRGIVIAN SEA' is now so named [2b] 
4. CORNWALL. [3b] Described / by the travills / of John Norden / augmented and / published by / I. Speed. [2b] Iodocus Hondius Caelavit / Anno Domini 1610. [4d] Theise Mappes / are to be solde / by Roger Rea / the Elder and  / younger at the / Golden Crosse in / Cornhill against the / Exchange / 1662. [5e]
From: Speed / Roger Rea the Elder & Younger The Theatre Of The Empire of Great Britaine ..., London, [1665]
State 4: with the substitution of the imprint of Roger Rea the Elder and Younger.
5. CORNWALL. [3b] Described / by the travills / of John Norden / augmented and / published by / I. Speed. [2b] Iodocus Hondius Caelavit / Anno Domini 1610. [4d] Are to be sold by Thomas Bassett in Fleetstreet, and Richard Chiswell in S.t Pauls Churchyard. [1b - 2b] 
From: Speed / Basssett & Chiswell Theatre Of The Empire of Great Britain ... London, 1676
State 5: Roger Rea the Elder and Younger's imprint has been replaced by the Arms of 'Hen: eldest Son / of King Iames.' [5e]. The new imprint is engraved in the lower frame border of the inset of Launceston. 
Within the map, a number of names have been re-engraved in larger lettering: 'S.t Iue' [4d] 'S.t Austell' [3d] and 'Redruth' [2c] 
6. CORNWALL. [3b] Described / by the travills / of John Norden / augmented and / published by / I. Speed. [2b] Iodocus Hondius Caelavit / Anno Domini 1610. [4d] Corrected and Sold by Christopher Brown at the Globe near the westend of St. Pauls Church London.' [1b - 2b]
From: Speed / Christopher Browne [Theatre: Projected Edition, London, 1695?] 
State 6: Christopher Browne's imprint has been substituted for that of Bassett and Chiswell.
7. CORNWALL. [3b] Described / by the travills / of John Norden / augmented and / published by / I. Speed. [2b] Iodocus Hondius Caelavit / Anno Domini 1610. [4d] Sold By Henry Overton At The White Horse without Newgate London. 
From: Speed / Henry Overton England Fully Described ... London, [ca. 1720]
State 7: The imprint of Henry Overton has ben added to the plate, leaving the imprint of Christopher Browne unchanged.
8. CORNWALL. [3b] Described / by the travills / of John Norden / augmented and / published by / I. Speed. [2b] Iodocus Hondius Caelavit / Anno Domini 1610. [4d] Sold By Henry Overton At The White Horse without Newgate London.
From: Speed / Henry Overton England Fully Described ... London, 1743
State 8: The plate has been extensively retouched to strengthen the impression. Christopher Browne's imprint has been crossed through.
9. CORNWALL. [3b] Described / by the travills / of John Norden / augmented and / published by / I. Speed. [2b] Iodocus Hondius Caelavit / Anno Domini 1610. [4d] And Now Sold by C. Dicey & Co, in Aldermary Church-Yard London. [1b - 2b] 
From: Cluer Dicey [Untitled County Atlas, London, 1756 on]
State 9: With Cluer Dicey's imprint substituted for that of Christopher Browne, and Overton's deleted.

Publication lines in the Inset
 

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